Morelia is the capital of Michoacan, located in the Guayangareo Valley of Mexico. The city had been under the Spanish control since1520s till the Mexican War of Independence. After this time, the name of the city was changed to Morelia in honor of José María Morelos y Pavón. The city houses numerous museums and cultural sights mainly located in the historic centre, which has the original 1541 layout. The main buildings were raised in the 18th century, including the State Government Palace and Palace of Justice. According to the Mexican government, Morelia houses over a thousand buildings constructed in between 16th and 20th centuries in different architectural styles. Great cultural importance is the premier reason why tourists flock to the city all year round.
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Morelia has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage list since 1991 due to the number of colonial buildings that remained from the past. The most popular tourist sights include:
- Cultural house, a church established in 1593 and restored in the 1940s.
- Orquidario of Morelia, a museum which houses over 3,400 species of orchids.
- Regional Museum of Michoacan, established in 1886 in French traditions. On its territory you will find a building in Baroque style, belonged to Emperor Maximilian I. Some great art works are also collected here. For instance, painting “Traslado de las Monjas”, one of the Michoacan’s most important pieces of the colonial period.
- State Museum dedicated to the history of the state. It houses three sections on archeology, history and state’s ethnology.
- Museum of Colonial Art exposes important objects remained from the colonial period. Here you will find documents, books, maps and some art works. Museum is located in the 18th century Baroque residence.
- José María Morelos y Pavón House Museum displays colonial and post-colonial documents from the 16th to the 20th century.
Some other interesting sights include the Mask Museum. Here you will find mask collections, featuring 165 examples from 20 Mexican states. Alfredo Zalce Museum of Contemporary Art houses works of Alfredo Zalce and Efraín Vargas, famous local painters. Museo de Dulces will give you an idea of candy-making. Shall you be looking for some cultural events, visit Conservatory of the Roses and listen to the Morelia Boys Choir concert. Please check information regarding local festivals, such as regional food festival, music or cultural festivals. For art shopping, go to the San Francisco square. Here you can find works from local artists.
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