Germany's medieval heart, Erfurt is world-famous for the best-preserved historical heritage in Germany. Carefully restored Renaissance buildings, half-timbered houses, churches and chapels that helped the city gain the title “city of towers and spires”, make Erfurt a definite must-see. In the course of history the city’s cultural and intellectual wealth attracted great people such as Goethe, Schiller, Bach, Napoleon and Tsar Alexander.
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The most famous sight of Erfurt is the remarkable Krämenbrücke. Merchants’ Bridge will attract your attention with its unique construction; inhabited houses cover the both sides of the bridge without gap. Built in wood and rebuilt in stone, now Kramenbrucke is a nice place to walk, visit some antique shops and marvel at the old St. Giles Church.
Other attraction worthy of your attention is the unique ensemble of Mariendom (Cathedral of The Blessed Virgin Mary) and Severikirche (St. Severus Church), both built in German Gothic style. St Mary’s Cathedral is world-faimous for its outstanding stained-glass art and the “Gloriosa”, the “Queen of Bells” with its marvelous resonance. Beautiful Gothic Severikirche houses the sarcophagus of St. Severus.
Other attractions include;
- Augustinerkloster is a monastery where Martin Luther used to live as a monk from 1505 to 1511. Visit Luther’s cell as part of the exhibition about the life of the famous German priest. The monastery also contains an important library with rare books.
- The eleventh century Erfurt Synagogue is the oldest synagogue to survive in Europe. Astonishing medieval building preserved to a remarkable degree is definitely a must-see. Moreover, Old Synagogue houses breathtaking collection of medieval artefacts and very important documentation of the history of the Erfurt community.
- Zitadelle Petersberg is one of the few remaining 17th century fortifications in Germany. Casemates, esplanades and bastions of Citadel Petersberg attract visitors from around the world.
- Statthalterei, residence of the governors of Erfurt in the past, nowadays is the seat of the President of Thuringia. It is also famous as a historical place of meeting between Napoleon and Goethe.
- Anger is one of the oldest streets of Erfurt. In 1808 Tsar Alexander I resided in one of the buildings on Anger. Take a walk on the shopping boulevard, lined with the buildings of historical significance.
Another must-see in Erfurt is Fishmarkt, the historical centre of the city. Formerly a fish market and the place of big public gatherings, Fishmarkt attracts tourists with the Town Hall and beautiful Renaissance houses such as “Haus Zum Roten Ochsen” that features an art gallery, “Haus Zur Güldenen Krone”, “Haus Zum Güldenen Löwen” and the “Haus Zur Halben Eisernen Tür”. Worthy of attention is a statue of St. Martin dressed as a Roman warrior, nicknamed “Roland”. It was erected in 1591.
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